‘‘(i) the underground injection of natural gas for
purposes of storage; and
‘‘(ii) the underground injection of fluids or
propping agents (other than diesel fuels) pursuant
to hydraulic fracturing operations related to oil,
gas, or geothermal production activities.’’.
SEC. 323. OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND
Section 502 of the Federal Water Pollution Control
Act (33 U.S.C. 1362) is amended by adding at the end
‘‘(24) OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND PRODUCTION.—The
term ‘oil and gas exploration, production,
processing, or treatment operations or transmission
facilities’ means all field activities or operations
associated with exploration, production, processing,
or treatment operations, or transmission facilities,
including activities necessary to prepare a site for
drilling and for the movement and placement of
drilling equipment, whether or not such field
activities or operations may be considered to be
FRESHER ACT OF
Focused Reduction of Effluence and
Stormwater runoff through Hydrofracking
Environmental Regulation Act of 2015
Title: To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control
Act and to direct the Secretary of the Interior to
conduct a study with respect to stormwater runoff
from oil and gas operations, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
Representatives of the United States of America in
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the “Focused Reduction of
Effluence and Stormwater runoff through
Hydrofracking Environmental Regulation Act of 2015”
or the “FRESHER Act of 2015”.
SEC. 2. STORMWATER RUNOFF FROM OIL, GAS, AND MINING
(a) Limitation on Permit Requirement.—Section 402(l)
of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C.
1342(l)) is amended—
(1) by striking paragraph (2);
(2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
(3) in paragraph (2)(C) (as so redesignated), by
striking “402(l)(3)(A)” each place it appears and
inserting “subparagraph (A)”.
(b) Definitions.—Section 502 of the Federal Water
Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1362) is amended—
(1) by striking paragraph (24); and
(2) by redesignating paragraphs (25) and (26) as
paragraphs (24) and (25), respectively.
(1) In general.—The Secretary of the Interior shall
conduct a study of stormwater impacts with respect
to any area that the Secretary determines may be
contaminated by stormwater runoff associated with
oil or gas operations, which shall include an
(A) measurable contamination in the area;
(B) ground water resources in the area; and
(C) the susceptibility of aquifers in the area to
contamination from stormwater runoff associated with
the oil or gas operations.
(2) Report.—Not later than 1 year after the date of
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to
Congress a report on the results of the study
conducted under paragraph (1).
FRACKING BEYOND THE LAW
Despite Industry Denials, Investigation Reveals
Use of Diesel Fuels in Hydraulic Fracturing
At least 33 companies
drilled 351 wells in 12 states using prohibited
diesel fuels without required permits in violation
of the federal Safe Drinking Water Act
Convention' in Greene County, Pa.