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Centralized Impoundment Dams & Fracking Impoundments

Wastewater evaporation pits holding flowback & unknown fluids


Centralized impoundments are often called dams, ponds, drilling waste pits, frac pits or evaporation pits. Many impoundments began as fresh water impoundments, holding water siphoned out of streams and lakes, or in rare instances, water purchased from water utilities. Smaller impoundments can operate in the same fashion but do not require the same sort of permitting for dams. On this page you will see them both.

Temporary overland pipelines are often constructed to pipe fluids between these impoundments and drilling pads undergoing fracking operations. Some of these pipelines may extend for miles and have been the cause of multi-thousand gallon spills and fish kills. The impoundments themselves are known to leak since they have traditionally been huge earthen pits lined with one or two layers of plastic film.
 

There were 11 impoundments in Pennsylvania in 2005 when the average area of an impoundment was about 610 square meters. In 2013, 529 impoundments were identified with an average area of about 7,550 square meters.
Source: SkyTruth

Photographs on this page show many of these impoundments located around Washington County, Pennsylvania and operated by Range Resources Appalachia, LLC.
 

 
 

 


Bednarski Impoundment
Hopewell Township near Washington, PA
Bednarski Impoundment

 
 
 
 
 
DEP Fines Range Resources $4.15 Million for Violating Environmental Regulations

Consent order and agreement will close five Washington County impoundments

Sep 18, 2014 -- The company must close the Hopewell Township 12 (Bednarski) impoundment by April 1, 2015. 
Source: PA DEP
 
 


Best Impoundment
Hopewell Township near Buffalo, PA
Best Impoundment
 
 

 
 
 
 

Carol Baker Impoundment
Chartiers Township near Canonsburg, PA

 
 
Carol Baker Impoundment Dam
 
 
 
DEP Fines Range Resources $4.15 Million for Violating Environmental Regulations

Consent order and agreement will close five Washington County impoundments

Sep 18, 2014 -- Additionally, the consent order also directs Range Resources to upgrade two other impoundments. The liner systems at the Chartiers Township 16 (Carol Baker) and Amwell Township 15 (Jon Day) impoundments will be completely redesigned and rebuilt to meet “next generation” standards currently under development at DEP.
Source: PA DEP

 
 


Carter Impoundment
Mount Pleasant Township near Hickory, PA

Began by holding freshwater
 
Carter Impoundment
 
 
 
MORE:

Carter impoundment source of mistrust
Oct 12, 2014 – John Bershok recalled a day in August when workers in hazmat suits came to a site near the Carter impoundment in Mt. Pleasant Township. They opened a tank containing drilling sludge with low levels of radiation and split it into two containers, releasing a chemical odor that wafted to the nearest properties. “My mom breathed that in, but their workers were protected,” Bershok said of the company, Range Resources, at a township meeting last month. “Do you think that is right that they didn't give us notice that they were going to crack open that radioactive container and start pumping it into the other two? No. That's the stuff we deal with.”
Source: Observer-Reporter

#          #          #
 
DEP Fines Range Resources $4.15 Million for Violating Environmental Regulations

Consent order and agreement will close five Washington County impoundments

Sep 18, 2014 -- Mount Pleasant Township 17 (Carter), will be limited to storing only fresh water for as long as it remains in service. Range will also install a groundwater monitoring well network at the impoundment now and will perform an environmental site assessment at this impoundment once it is permanently closed.
Source: PA DEP

 
 


Day Impoundment
Amwell Township south of Washington, PA

 
 
 
 
Jon Day Impoundment
 
 
 
 

PENNSYLVANIA BULLETIN
VOL. 44, NO. 46
NOVEMBER 15, 2014

Applications Received under the Dam Safety and Encroachments Act (32 P. S. §§ 693.1—693.27) and section 302 of the Flood Plain Management Act (32 P. S. § 679.302) and Requests for Certification under section 401(a) of the FWPCA.

 DAM SAFETY

Southwest Regional Office, Oil and Gas Management, 400 Waterfront Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15222-4745 Permit # 95-7-60915-6-A. Jon Day Impoundment Modification

Applicant Range Resources-Appalachia LLC 3000 Town Center Blvd, Canonsburg, PA 15317 proposes to modify Permit # 95-60915-6 to reconstruct, operate and maintain a 12.92 million gallon Centralized Impoundment to collect, store and reuse wastewater for fracturing natural gas wells, Redd Unit 3H permit No. 37-125-27196 and other permitted wells listed in the application. Project is located off South Main Street Extension in Amwell Township, Washington Co (USGS PA Quadrangle: Amity and Washington East N: 40° 07’ 22”; W: -80° 13’ 02”. Project  has disturbed 19.5 acres, with 8.4 acres redisturbed. The stormwater runoff drains to Tributary 40846 of Little Ten Mile Creek, a Trout Stocked Fishery, State Water Plan Basin 19B Ohio River.

 
 

 
DEP Fines Range Resources $4.15 Million for Violating Environmental Regulations

Consent order and agreement will close five Washington County impoundments

Sep 18, 2014 -- Additionally, the consent order also directs Range Resources to upgrade two other impoundments. The liner systems at the Chartiers Township 16 (Carol Baker) and Amwell Township 15 (Jon Day) impoundments will be completely redesigned and rebuilt to meet “next generation” standards currently under development at DEP. Source: PA DEP 
 

 


Hibbits Centralized Impoundment
Buffalo Township near Claysville, PA
Hibbits Impoundment

 
 

March 7, 2015

PENNSYLVANIA BULLETIN, VOL. 45, NO. 10, MARCH 7, 2015
Page 1166

LAND RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION UNDER ACT 2, 1995 PREAMBLE 3

The Department has taken action on the following plans and reports under the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (35 P. S. §§ 6026.101—6026.907).

Southwest Region: Environmental Cleanup & Brownfield Development Program Manager, 400 Waterfront Drive, Pittsburgh, PA 15222-4745

Range Resources—Donegal Twp. 28 Centralized Impoundment (Hibbits Impoundment), 105 School House Road, Donegal Township, Washington County. Civil & Environmental Consultants, Inc., 333 Baldwin Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15205 on behalf of Range Resources, 3000 Town Center Blvd., Canonsburg, PA 15317 submitted a Final Report concerning the remediation of site soils contaminated from a release of brine. The Final report demonstrated attainment of background standard for arsenic with all other constituents exhibiting a published MSC achieving a residential statewide health standard for soils. The Final Report was approved by the Department on February 24, 2014.

Section 250.8 of 25 Pa. Code and administration of the Land Recycling and Environmental Remediation Standards Act (act) require the Department to publish in the Pennsylvania Bulletin a notice of its final actions on plans and reports. A final report is submitted to document cleanup of a release of a regulated substance at a site to one of the remediation standards of the act. A final report provides a description of the site investigation to characterize the nature and extent of contaminants in environmental media, the basis of selecting the environmental media of concern, documentation supporting the selection of residential or nonresidential exposure factors, a description of the remediation performed and summaries of sampling methodology and analytical results which demonstrate that the remediation has attained the cleanup standard selected. Plans and reports required by the act for compliance with selection of remediation to a site specific standard, in addition to a final report, include a remedial investigation report, risk assessment report and cleanup plan. A remedial investigation report includes conclusions from the site investigation; concentration of regulated substances in environmental media; benefits of reuse of the property; and, in some circumstances, a fate and transport analysis. If required, a risk assessment report describes potential adverse effects caused by the presence of regulated substances. If required, a cleanup plan evaluates the abilities of potential remedies to achieve remedy requirements. A work plan for conducting a baseline remedial investigation is required by the act for compliance with selection of a special industrial area remediation. The baseline remedial investigation, based on the work plan, is compiled into the baseline environmental report to establish a reference point to show existing contamination, describe proposed remediation to be done and include a description of existing or potential public benefits of the use or reuse of the property. The Department may approve or disapprove plans and reports submitted. This notice provides the Department’s decision and, if relevant, the basis for disapproval. For further information concerning the plans and reports, contact the environmental cleanup program manager in the Department regional office under which the notice of the plan or report appears. If information concerning a final report is required in an alternative form, contact the community relations coordinator at the appropriate regional office. TDD users may telephone the Department through the AT&T Relay Service at (800) 654-5984.

 

April 29 – May 1, 2013 Liner testing performed:
Found elevated levels of dissolved metals, TDS, benzene & chlorides.

 

 
 

Lowry Impoundment
Hopewell Township near Washington, PA

 
 
Lowry Impoundment

 
DEP Fines Range Resources $4.15 Million for Violating Environmental Regulations

Consent order and agreement will close five Washington County impoundments

Sep 18, 2014 -- Under the consent order, Range Resources will immediately begin the closure of the Hopewell Township 11 (Lowry), Cecil Township 23 (Worstell), and Kearns impoundments. 
Source: PA DEP
 

 


 
 

Rush Impoundment
Hopewell Township near West Middletown, PA
 

 


Began by holding freshwater
 
Rush Impoundment

 

Worstell Impoundment
Cecil Township near Muse, PA
Worstell Impoundment

 
Began by holding freshwater
 
Cecil 23 Impoundment
 
 

 
DEP Fines Range Resources $4.15 Million for Violating Environmental Regulations

Consent order and agreement will close five Washington County impoundments

Sep 18, 2014 -- Under the consent order, Range Resources will immediately begin the closure of the Hopewell Township 11 (Lowry), Cecil Township 23 (Worstell), and Kearns impoundments. 
Source: PA DEP
 
 


Yeager Impoundment
Amwell Township near Amity, PA

 
 

State studies on shale-site air emissions incomplete, according to court documents

By Don Hopey / Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
October 20, 2014

Linda Hreha, a chemist in DEP’s mobile analytical section who did the air sampling on which all three of the state’s regional air quality reports are based, testified in her deposition on Dec. 5, 2013, that she measured but did not report elevated concentrations of air contaminants at the Yeager impoundment, including 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene at 550 parts per billion; methane at 1.2 parts per million; and methyl mercaptan at 1 part per million, twice the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended exposure limit.

Not only did the DEP not calculate the vast majority of chemical hazards, but its determination that public health would not be harmed was not made by anyone with training in medicine, toxicology or environmental or occupational health, according to Nick Lazor, chief of the DEP’s Air Quality Monitoring Division, who oversaw production of the reports and was deposed on Jan. 17, 2014. “There certainly is a big question about whether the DEP did a good job on those studies,” said Joseph Minott, an attorney and executive director of the Clean Air Council. “A cynic would say the DEP did what it wanted to do with the air studies to get the result it wanted, and it wanted to prove the pollution was minimal and set the testing protocol to get that result.”

 

Yeager Impoundment
 
 

 
DEP Fines Range Resources $4.15 Million for Violating Environmental Regulations

Consent order and agreement will close five Washington County impoundments

Sep 18, 2014 -- Range Resources will also continue the closure of the Yeager impoundment. Source: PA DEP
 

 
 

 
 

Temporary Above Ground Fluid Pipelines
Repeated source of multi-thousand gallon spills in Washington County, PA

 
 
 
 
Fracking wastewater pipelines
 
 

Wastewater Tanker Trucks
Usually only marked with a 'RESIDUAL WASTE' placard
Frack wastewater trucks

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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